Workshop on
Nursing Management of Cardio-thoracic and Vascular Surgeries from April 2-9, 2003

The overall purpose of the workshop is to update and improve upon the knowledge and skills of nurse practitioners of various levels concerning bio-technical advancement and challenges in the area of cardio-thoracic and vascular surgeries.


Policy & Position Statement > Human Rights :
Policy > Strikes - Nursing Identity
Position Statement > Rights of Children - Safeguarding Environment - Substance Abuse/ Drug Abuse - Baby - Friendly Hospital Initiative - Nursing Education - HIV/AIDS - Population Stabilization - Disaster Preparedness - Women’s Health and Development - Nurses’ Role in Planning and Policy Making - Nurses’ Role in Care of the Elderly - Human Rights - Gender Management System - Safeguarding The Health Of Young People

Human Rights

The Trained Nurses’, Association of India (TNAI) endorses the United Nations’ Declaration of Human Rights (HR) proclamation that all people are born free and equal thus, enjoy basic principles of equality and non discrimination as set out in the declaration. Association believes that its members would collaborate with government, voluntary organisations and agencies working towards the protection of Human Rights

  1. Members of the Association observed with concern the situation(s) involving violation of Human Rights.
  • Nurses as care providers and women are increasingly becoming themselves victims of violence in many insidious ways and also witnessing growing range of violence against women viz. battering, beating, burning, sexual abuse, rape, disfigurement, mental torture and killing etc.
  • Although access to health care services is one of the basic Human Right, yet many of our people living in urban slums and remote rural areas do not have access to basic health services because of poverty, illiteracy, ignorance, transport difficulties, inadequate communication links etc. People die with diseases and women during childbirth because of non-availability of timely accessible competent care.
  • Nurses during their employment in different organisations directly or indirectly are likely to be in a ‘risky’ situation where they may be involved in inhuman or degrading treatment of their patient(s).

The Trained Nurses’ Association of India as a professional body urges all Nurse Practitioners and Nursing personnel to join advocating forces on Human Rights as follows: To assure that all human beings have the right to a healthy existence and to get timely and competent health care facilities within their means at their doorstep, and utilising these for their benefit.

  • The Association has obligation in support of the Article 10 of 1984 UN convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. That, Nurses be aware and understand the component of Human Rights and implication of its violation, ethical obligation of nursing personnel in preventing violation of Human Rights and rehabilitation of the victim(s) of torture etc. Therefore, the TNAI recommends and supports the development of curriculum by Indian Nursing Council (INC) of Human Rights and Torture which is to be incorporated in basic and post basic programmes of nursing.
  • The Trained Nurses’ Association of India also suggests that there should be Continuing Education programmes for nursing personnel on Human Rights which may be organised by TNAI State Branches, Government Sectors and Private Sectors etc.
  • Nurses/Nursing Personnel as their ethical obligation should not take part in any form of diagnostic procedure/examination and treatment that deprives a person of respect to which he/she is entitled as a human being.
  • Nurse is ethically obligated to report if Human Right of his/her patient is violated.
  • The Association further recommends that Nurses while working with various age groups in different health care settings must create awareness about their rights as human being.

Nursing Ethics

India is a welfare state and it recognises health as a fundamental right of the people. Thus since independence (1947) there have been considerable changes in health policies of the Government in all effort to fulfil its commitments to the goal of "Health for All" through expanded and Primary Health Care, the primary functionaries and the largest component of health manpower.

Nurses while rendering care in a politically oriented health care system and due to bringing health services under the Consumer Protection Act are increasingly facing ethical issues. Nursing Ethics are the professional standard of conduct practised by Nurse practitioners related to or in accordance with approved moral behaviour in rendering health care services.

Issues influencing/affecting the ethical conduct of Nurses are influenced by: over stretching of health care facilities; inadequate nursing organisation structure to facilitate quality care; defective recruitment rules to ensure appropriate utilisation of Nurses; deficit education facilities and opportunities for Nurses on the job updating their skills and for further advancement; unprotective work environment; uncontrolled privatisation and commercialisation of health services; participation in practising of defensive investigations and treatment; fear of violation of the patient’s or client’s individuality and confidentiality etc.

The Trained Nurses’ Association of India believes that as a professional person each Nurse is ethically and morally responsible for giving the required care to each individual to the best of her/his ability and refraining from such acts that would harm or exploit the patient/client as well as themselves. Therefore, Nurses on the job must seek and avail necessary opportunities that would keep them abreast of the changes and also provide facilities and fora to render effective, efficient care and share their views mutually on issues/acts which they may consider unethical and immoral.

The Association, therefore, in the interest of sustaining ethical behaviour of the Nurses recommends as follows:

  • Only those procedures which are taught and learnt through prescribed educational programmes and on the job training should be carried out on the patient/client.
  • Irrespective of caste, creed, religion, sex every person should be helped and cared to attain/maintain optimum levels of health.
© 2002, Trained Nurses' Association of India (TNAI), All Rights Reserved.
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